Past Perfect Simple

Past Perfect Simple

An action in the past happened before an another action in the past.

Past Perfect Simple is often combined with Past Simple.
Signal Words:
before , when , until that time, after
had + 3rd verb form
He had never seen any elefants before his last journey to India.

We had done our homework in the school before we went home.

I had slept enough before the timer rang.
hadn't + 3rd verb form
I was really tired yesterday because I hadn't slept very well before.

She said, she hadn't ever seen Star Wars.

I already hadn't worn my glasses so I didn't see anything.
had + 3rd verb form
What had happened before they went to the restaurant?

Where had he been until yesterday?

What if you had hurt yourself? It was really careless of you!

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